Learn Zephyr® – the new Era of Real Time OS

Learn Zephyr® – the new Era of Real Time OS


Embedded Development & Debugging
Date: 22-26/04/2024
Place: Online
Enrol by: 22/03/2024
Language: English
Price: 2.600 EUR, 28.600 SEK, 19.200 DKK

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Lena Bernhardsson (SE, NO)
+46 (0) 40 59 22 09

Heidi Lehtomäki – Finland
phone: +358 40 196 0142

Flemming Jensen – Denmark
Phone: +45 44 52 16 60

Learn Zephyr® – the new Era of Real Time OS

In 2022, Zephyr OS became the largest open-source RTOS project by the number of commits and developers.

Build secure, connected, future-proof devices with Zephyr®

Zephyr RTOS is easy to deploy, secure, connect and manage. It has a growing set of software libraries that can be used across various applications and industry sectors such as Industrial IoT, wearables, machine learning and more. Zephyr is built with an emphasis on broad chipset support, security, dependability, long term support releases and a growing opensource ecosystem.



  • Learn how to develop, configure, debug and trace Zephyr applications.
  • Discover the real time multitasking concept.
  • Understand Real Time constraints.
    • Determinism
    • Preemption
    • Interrupts
  • Understand the Zephyr kernel Services.
  • Learn communication and synchronization mechanisms.
  • Interactions with processor architecture features.
  • Understand Zephyr memory management and data structures.

Course environment:

  • Theoretical course
    • PDF course material (in English)
    • Course dispensed using the Teams video-conferencing system.
    • The trainer to answer trainees’ questions during the training and provide technical and pedagogical assistance through the Teams video-conferencing system.
  • Practical activities
    • Practical activities represent from 40% to 50% of course duration.
    • The trainer has access to trainees’ Online PCs for technical and pedagogical assistance.
    • Example code, labs and solutions.
  • Virtual Machine with System Workbench for STM32 with GNU ARM Eclipse QEMU
  • Emulated board STM32F4-Discovery

Course Format:

  • Online course, 4 sessions, 6 hours each (excluding break time) total 24 hours.
  • Lots of hands-on exercises during the course
  • Some Labs may be completed between sessions and are checked by the trainer on the next session.


  • good C Language skills

Real-Time Concepts

  • Base real time concepts
  • The Real Time constraints
  • Multi-task and real time
  • Tasks and Task Descriptors
    • Content of the task descriptor
    • List of task descriptors
  • Context Switch

Introduction to Zephyr

  • Zephyr Project
  • Zephyr Ecosystem
  • Why use Zephyr
  • Install and use Zephyr
  • Build and Configuration Systems
    • West
    • CMake
    • Kconfig and configuration overlay
    • Configuration tools: menuconfig and guiconfig

Zephyr Without Threads

  • Operation without Threads
  • GPIO
  • Random Number Generation
  • Utilities
  • Data Structures
    • Single-linked List
    • Double-linked List
    • Ring Buffers


  • Task Scheduling and Preemption
    • Tick based or tickless scheduling
  • Scheduling systems and schedulability proof
    • Fixed priorities scheduling
    • RMA and EDF scheduling
  • Scheduling through Zephyr
    • Scheduling Algorithm
    • Cooperative Time Slicing
    • Preemptive Time Slicing

Exercise: Hello World from Zephyr, configure and blink LEDs using Zephyr

Exercise: Manage Zephyr linked list and understand container of macro

Thread Management

  • Thread Control Block
  • Creating Threads
  • Threads Priorities
  • Thread States
  • Main and Idle Threads
  • Delays
  • Changing Thread Priority
  • Suspending Threads
  • Kernel Structures
    • Simple linked-list ready queue
    • Red/black tree ready queue
    • Traditional multi-queue ready queue
  • Thread Custom Data
  • Scheduling Traces
    • Runtime Statistics
    • User-Defined Tracing
    • Percepio Tracealyzer

Memory Management in Zephyr

  • Memory Managers
  • Dynamic memory managers
    • K_heap
    • System heap
    • Memory Slabs
    • Memory Blocks
  • Heap Listeners
  • Stack Overflow detection

Exercise: Create and manage threads

Exercise: Create periodic threads

Exercise: Create config overlay for visual trace diagnostics using Tracealyzer

Exercise: Understand dynamic memory allocation in Zephyr

Exercise: Display threads information and detect stack overflow

Resource Management

  • Mutual Exclusion
  • Critical Sections
  • Mutexes
  • Gatekeeper threads
  • Atomic
  • Lock-Free Data Structures
  • SpinLocks

Synchronization Primitives

  • Synchronization
  • Semaphores
  • The Readers/Writer Problem
  • Condition variables
  • Events and Event Groups
  • Polling

Exercise: Implement mutual exclusion between threads

Exercise: The producer-consumer problem, synchronize and avoid concurrent access problems

Exercise: Understanding event bit group by synchronizing several threads

Data Passing

  • Message Queues
  • Pipes
  • Queues
    • FIFOs
    • LIFOs
  • Mailboxes
  • Stacks

Interrupt Management

  • Threads and Interrupts
  • Interrupts in zephyr
  • Interrupts on ARM Cortex-M
  • Handler thread
  • Queue within an ISR
  • Workqueue Threads
  • Power Management

Software Timers

  • Timers
  • Defining a Timer
  • Using a Timer Expiry Function
  • Timer types
  • One-shot timers
  • Auto-reload timers
  • Timer Commands

Exercise: Create a print gatekeeper thread using message queue

Exercise: Understand how to wait on multiple events and interrupt safe APIs

Exercise: Understand how to pass data using Queues from an interrupt to a thread

Exercise: Create and submit work items from interrupts to custom WorkQueue

Exercise: Understand the use of one-shot and auto-reload timers

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